Neuropsychological testing assists to establish diagnosis when cognitive difficulties begin to impair functionality and when it is unclear what is causing these deficits. Neuropsychological testing evaluates a patient’s brain health and behavior through a series of assessments. Cognitive deficits may be due to a wide variety of diagnoses, including psychiatric disorders, substance use disorders, neurodegenerative diseases (e.g., Alzheimer’s), and acquired brain injuries (e.g., concussion, traumatic brain injury, stroke), or cognitive issues stemming from medical complications (e.g., surgeries, chronic vascular problems).
A comprehensive evaluation will establish cognitive strengths and weaknesses relative to intellectual functioning, provide diagnostic clarity, and may also be helpful in developing a treatment plan for the patient and their loved ones. This type of testing is most often done by a neuropsychologist with special training in this area.